Introduction

When you want to cook Managu what do you use? Onions. When you want to cook meat, what do you use? Onions! Nearly every meal of the average Kenyan has to have onions as part of the ingredients. This tells you something about the market out there. There is a high demand for onions! If you’re interested in tapping into this demand and making a profit from it, onion farming in Kenya can be a lucrative business opportunity. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at how to start and manage an onion farm in Kenya.

Profit Potential of Onion Farming

In just three months, an acre of hybrid bulb onions can give you an income of Ksh 350,000. After transplanting the onions for 3-4 months, you can produce a yield of 20,000 kg of bulbs. At the current farm gate price of Ksh 25 per kg, that’s Ksh 500,000 in revenue. Subtracting the average cost of production (approximately Ksh 150,000), you’ll have a net income of Ksh 350,000.

High-Yielding Onion Varieties

To maximize your onion farming profits, it’s important to choose the right varieties. Some of the high-yielding onion varieties in Kenya include Jambar F1, Red Pinoy F1, Red Comet F1, and Red Passion F1.

Onions ready for chopping!

How to Plant Onions

Starting your onions in a nursery is key to getting the best results. Here’s how to plant onions:

  1. Make a raised nursery bed that is 1 meter wide and any desired length. Apply well-decomposed manure at a rate of 15kg per square meter.
  2. Mix and apply DAP fertilizer at a rate of 20 grams per meter square.
  3. Make shallow furrows 15 cm apart. Mix the seeds with dry ash, sand or soil at a ratio of 1:3 to help spread the small seeds.
  4. Plant the seeds and cover lightly with soil, then apply mulches (grass or polythene cover spread over the soil on the nursery bed).
  5. After planting, irrigate the nursery bed liberally for the first 10 days and continue watering regularly.
  6. Germination of seeds will take about 7-10 days. After germination, remove the mulches and use them to make a shade above the tender plants which have not fully developed.
  7. Transplant the seedlings six weeks after planting the seeds in the nursery. Transplant when the seedlings have a pencil-thick base and a height of approximately 15cm. Seedlings should have 3 to 5 well-formed leaves at transplanting time.
  8. Two weeks before transplanting, reduce the shade to improve seedling survival rate in the field.
  9. It takes about 4-5 months for onions to mature.

Onion Farming in Kenya

Onion farming can be done in greenhouses and open gardens. Before you start, you need to check and confirm market availability, onion prices, and the variety of the plant. The market price for onions changes constantly, so do your research before planting.

Conclusion

Onion farming in Kenya can be a profitable venture, but it requires good farm management practices. Onion farming is labor-intensive, and challenges will arise, especially when starting. However, with time and experience, you can overcome these challenges and succeed in onion farming. Consult with onion farmers in your area to get inspiration and a better understanding of how onion farming works. They will help you start your own onion farm and how to handle the challenges that arise.

Learn more from onion farmers in Kenya and be inspired. You can do it!
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Author

  • Graduate Farmer

    Empowering Ambitions, Cultivating Success: Graduate Farmer is dedicated to inspiring and equipping young men and women with practical solutions to kickstart and thrive in profitable agribusiness ventures across Kenya.

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Comments (299)

  • Ezekiel January 30, 2015 Reply

    Where can get good quality seeds in Nakuru?

    • The Graduate Farmer January 31, 2015 Reply

      You can get good quality seeds from any Agrovet near you. You should ask for F1

    • Lyn Chesang July 28, 2015 Reply

      Hello… Would like to start onion farming in Kitale..Please advise me the best type of Onions to go for… Thanks

      • Lyn Chesang July 28, 2015 Reply

        I want to start it Next Month… Please advise

      • The Graduate Farmer October 4, 2015 Reply

        Hi. Have you tested your soil?

        • owallah January 6, 2016 Reply

          How do you test the soil?

      • Mutai kibet samwel 0714189659 September 25, 2019 Reply

        Lyn,you live near mt elgon region and what best intha region of elgon is best for kitale co3 it is also an highland.but i can advise you to seedbed Red Wave onion .

    • jos September 22, 2015 Reply

      which are the most viable locations/regions for onion farming?

      • The Graduate Farmer October 4, 2015 Reply

        Onions do well if the weather is cool during its early growth stages and warmer temperatures as it matures. You should although get your soil tested before planting onions

    • Azam ali March 27, 2016 Reply

      As I am Indian farmer and I want to grow an onion on my land and after
      watching your results about onion I am so surprised and I want your seeds
      to grow onion in India. Kindly provide me the full details and
      procedure/Price so that I can move forward and able do a business with you.
      Thanks and Regards
      Azam Ali
      +919990736725

  • Carolyne Mbulwa March 12, 2015 Reply

    whats the drying process to increase shelf life? which is the best quality to grow around sabasaba, muranga?

    • The Graduate Farmer March 12, 2015 Reply

      Hi Carolyne Onions have a shelf life of 4-6 weeks so after you harvest spread them out in any warm, airy place out of the sun, such as on a porch and cover them with a light covering so that they can dry evenly.They are a cold-season crop and easy to grow because of their hardiness,you can use Jambar F1.

      • Nelson tarus May 18, 2020 Reply

        I want potatoes seed in nandi

  • shirley March 13, 2015 Reply

    is there you can offer visuals for some of your blogs.. or invite people to be there during the planting process, im very much interested.

    • The Graduate Farmer March 13, 2015 Reply

      Yes we can.Please send us your details so that we can contact you

      • Anthony May 8, 2015 Reply

        Hey,

        Kindly, can I get the same — visuals or details of a possible site visit?

        Thanks.

      • Doreen May 19, 2016 Reply

        I would like to grow onions ni Bungoma County at Lwandanyi which is the best seed to grow there and at the Kenya Uganda Border

      • Amon Jay July 23, 2016 Reply

        Is it a must to test the soil ph.,?

      • Karinoni March 6, 2021 Reply

        I tried onion farming October 2020 but failed terribly. Iwant to do it from April 2021.Am in Butere.. Kakamega county..
        Please advice on variety,care and all the Ato Z.can you get time to be there to help

  • nellie koech April 7, 2015 Reply

    which is the best quality to grow in the outskirts of nakuru

  • John Ndirangu April 14, 2015 Reply

    Hi,

    I would like to start onion farming and i have two options, Naromoru area and Kirinyaga area. Kindly advise me on viability for these areas and also the best seed variety for these areas.

    Thanks

    • The Graduate Farmer April 14, 2015 Reply

      The best temperatures for growing onions are from 13-25°C (55-75°F). They produce higher quality bulbs if the weather is cool during their early growth stage, then they like increased temperatures for optimum maturity. Check the climate of the two areas. You can get seeds from any local Agrovet in your area.

      • John Ndirangu April 14, 2015 Reply

        Thank you for the prompt feedback. I’ll keep in touch

  • James Mainga April 17, 2015 Reply

    Hi,
    I would like to start farming and i have two pieces of Land. One in Kinyambu at Kibwezi, the other one is at Aima Ma Kilungu near Konza City.
    Can i be able to plant onions and if not what agricultural produce would you recommend me to plant in that weather.

    • The Graduate Farmer April 30, 2015 Reply

      Yes you can. Do you have water ready for irrigation?

    • Albanus May 10, 2020 Reply

      Hello have you grown the onions so far?

  • Gabriel Nzioki Makau April 20, 2015 Reply

    Hi I would like to plant onions in Kibwezi…. I am in the final stages of drilling a borehole. I would love to plant the onion in open field and green houses. kindly advice me if you can offer technical support so that I will not incur loses and 2). which is the best type of onion which thrives well in Kibwezi 3). is it a must I do soil testing and sampling and 4). Do you secure market for those young farmers who are fresh in the business to avoid loses. kindly advice me accordingly.

    Regards,

    Gabriel
    Tel: 0718569266

    • The Graduate Farmer April 30, 2015 Reply

      Hello Gabriel. To amswer your questions
      1.We don’t yet offer technical support but when we do we will notify you.
      2.Look for any of the onion hybrid seeds one of the most popular ones in Kenya is Jambar F1. Refer to the article above
      3.Soil testing is recommended to ensure you get maximum productivity from your crop
      4.We will be launching an online marketplace soon so keep in touch

      • mustan December 28, 2015 Reply

        hi is mombasa ideal for onion farming

    • mustan December 28, 2015 Reply

      hi is mombasa ideal for onion farming

      • The Graduate Farmer January 3, 2016 Reply

        Yes but you need to get to get your soil tested so that you can know if its suitable to plant. You also need to have a source of water near.

  • Salome Awuor April 21, 2015 Reply

    A great site for new ideas in Agriculture

  • Wendy Adhiambo April 22, 2015 Reply

    Hallo,my name is Wendy,just came across your blog when I was searching about onion farming.
    First,am quite new in this area. I have 2acres of land that is rather idle near Namanga,a place called Ngatataek.
    The area is very fertile for farming.
    Please,if there is a way you can help me with this and any other advice on farming, and the market for the produce.I will really appreciate.
    I do not mind getting all dirty because of farming. I really need this.
    Thank you.
    Regards,
    Wendy

    • The Graduate Farmer April 30, 2015 Reply

      Hey Wendy. Thank you. Please subscribe with us below to get regular updates about farming.

  • valarie oyugi April 22, 2015 Reply

    Hello,

    What are the best seeds for greenhouse farming. Thank you

  • john April 27, 2015 Reply

    Hi, i like your story. do you help farmers with marketing their products?

  • samuel April 29, 2015 Reply

    Do onions thrive in cheranganyi?
    Am interested. should the soil be sandy ?

    • The Graduate Farmer April 30, 2015 Reply

      When you plant the onion seeds on a nursery you should mix it with sand so as to disperse the seeds evenly but after transplanting the soil needs to be fertile without sand. Yes cheranganyi can perform well

  • lindah May 3, 2015 Reply

    Hey… Can redoniins do well in mua. If i start now

    • The Graduate Farmer October 4, 2015 Reply

      Onions do well in cool weathers when growing and warm weather when maturing. you should get your soil tested before planting onions. Visit your nearest agro store to get recommended seed type.

      • Geffrey June 17, 2020 Reply

        Hi am Jeff and like to start red onion in nakuru ,kindly advise me ,is the area good union

  • Shirlyn May 4, 2015 Reply

    Hi, what type of onions can I plant in utawala???

    • The Graduate Farmer October 4, 2015 Reply

      you should get your soil tested before planting onions. Visit your nearest agro store to get recommended seed type.

  • Johnson Siangani May 6, 2015 Reply

    How many seasons in a year can one grow onions? Does the price of Kes.40 per kilo a steady price throughout the season?

    • The Graduate Farmer May 7, 2015 Reply

      4 times. You need to have constant water for irrigation for your crop through the whole year. Prices vary depending on market demand. Currently a Kilo goes for Ksh.100. You need to do your market research first before planting.

  • FAITH May 7, 2015 Reply

    I WANT O START ONION FARMING, DO YOU OFFER TRAINING SERVICES ON HOW TO DO IT..
    I WOULD WANT THE PEOPLE I WILL EMPLOY TO BE TRAINED.
    ALSO I WOULD WANT TO KNOW APPROXIMATELY HOW MUCH CAPITAL WILL I NEED TO START THE FARMING IN A ONE ACRE PIECE OF LAND?

    • The Graduate Farmer May 7, 2015 Reply

      Hi Faith. We have not yet launched our training program but we will keep you posted as soon as we do. You will need approximately Ksh.150,000 for one acre. When you start planting though make sure you fence your land to avoid animals destroying your crop. Please subscribe to our posts below👇 to get regular updates

    • Meru, Bjorn Kaburu May 29, 2015 Reply

      I would like to grow 5 acres of Red onions and chillies. Which are the best areas for these products.
      which is the most preferred type of chilly in the world today.
      Bjorn 0722718249

      • The Graduate Farmer June 2, 2015 Reply

        Onions do best when started in cool (not cold) weather so you can use this information to guide you if where you are is suitable. Chilli varieties include Bird Eye,Habareno,Serenade, and Jalapeno.

  • Hellen Ruto May 14, 2015 Reply

    Hi,

    I want to practice onion farming in Eldoret. Please advise me on the best variety to plant.

  • kabura Mwangi May 14, 2015 Reply

    Hi,

    I would want to venture into onion farming, however this will be my first attempt at farming. I have a myriad of questions. Do you offer like training support for starters and can I have a site visit from someone you can refer me to?

    • The Graduate Farmer May 15, 2015 Reply

      Hi Kabura..We currently do not offer training in horticulture. We will notify you when we do. We want to ensure you succeed in farming as a beginner. Please subscribe to our newsletter below.

  • Meru, Bjorn Kaburu May 22, 2015 Reply

    I have seen this today.
    Bjorn

  • manik tumb May 25, 2015 Reply

    I have grown seeds of onion I want to market with best price as using organic manuars

    • fredrick o. masara January 4, 2016 Reply

      Manik are you selling onion seedlings. What variety ordinary or f1. Are they ready for tranplanting
      .what price and where are you

  • Ndirangu May 26, 2015 Reply

    What fertiliser and pesticide should I use and how regularly. I’m planting next week. The seedlings have been growing in the nursery for about 5 weeks now.

  • wanja May 28, 2015 Reply

    Hello,

    I want to do garlic farming. Please let me know where I can grow in Kenya and the start up capital for an acre of land

    • The Graduate Farmer June 2, 2015 Reply

      Garlic requires high temperatures of 30ºC for optimum bulb development. They will though need cooler temperatures in its early stages for it favours vegetative growth required for plant establishment. It needs well drained fertile soils. Avoid clay soils as they may result in malformed bulbs.

  • Esther June 1, 2015 Reply

    Good. Work

  • caro chebet June 5, 2015 Reply

    hi,kindly advice me on onion farming in bomet county,and anyother cropd that can do well other than maize in this region.how is the market price for onions from december?

    • The Graduate Farmer October 4, 2015 Reply

      Onions do well in cool weathers when growing and warm weather when maturing. you should get your soil tested before planting onions. Visit your nearest agro store to get recommended seed type. To check market price for onions go to our homepage graduatefarmer.co.ke and check sidebar

      • Terry Naila June 26, 2018 Reply

        Hi I want to start onion farming in Kannada banana please advise on season.

  • James June 8, 2015 Reply

    Thanks for the good job to inform Kenyans,I think this way we are heading in the right direction.Currently I am doing research on vegetables and fruits farming,I am finding some confusions in most blogs which I think should be addressed.1)When it comes to yields we need to be factual we talk about hectares or acres,we should differentiate both.

    • The Graduate Farmer June 8, 2015 Reply

      Thank you James, and I agree with you on that. There are approximately 2.47 acres in 1 hectare.
      This can be dangerous when it comes to the use of herbicides/pestcides on a farm as most companies use Hectares to explain the dosage on their labels.

  • Nick Kihori June 9, 2015 Reply

    Am Glad i found this article right before i started planting onions.. Thank you for sharing. Good infor

  • Tabitha June 9, 2015 Reply

    Hey, Am glad I found this site. Am interested in planting garlic and onions in Kisumu. This will be my first attempt in farming though I want to do verticle farming. Am concerned about the shelf life of both and the best species to plant in this area. I have a constant water supply and can do irrigation

    • The Graduate Farmer October 4, 2015 Reply

      you should get your soil tested first then visit your nearest agrostore for recommendations.

  • ian June 10, 2015 Reply

    Nursery preparation ia a very big challenge……..you can imagine. buying the seeds at 36k n they failed to sprout……very sad…..i need an expert to advise accordingly…..

    • The Graduate Farmer June 19, 2015 Reply

      Hi. Always be precise with the “how to plant” instructions to get best results. You also need to test your soil before planting. To check soil go to http://www.soilcares.com/

    • Alex December 1, 2015 Reply

      For failed seeds, I think you can follow that up with kephis if they had a lot number

  • kennedy mutua June 12, 2015 Reply

    very informative

  • Kollo June 12, 2015 Reply

    Hi,
    Which variety do you recommend for Western Kenya, specifically Bungoma County.

  • EZEKIEL NAM June 12, 2015 Reply

    Hi, i like this, i wan to start growing onions in Bondo can the soil type and weather allow me? And which variety should i plant.

  • COLLINS KIPROTICH June 13, 2015 Reply

    Am based in cheptais Mt. Elgon.
    please which is the best high yielding onion variety to be planted and harvested on Feb/March eason?
    thank youu in advance

  • Cheruiyot Kimeto June 14, 2015 Reply

    Great article . Do have market info for onions, like, demand patterns for the 12 month in Kenya, or average prices per month?

  • Robert Mutiso June 15, 2015 Reply

    I want to grow onions in Makueni county,kibwezi west constituency,please advice me on the varieties of seeds suitable to grow in this area.

  • Josephine Waithira June 16, 2015 Reply

    Hi,

    Kindly let me know where in Nairobi town I can get Garlic & Ginger seeds or seedlings? i would like to plant the same at Ilmasin area of Kajiado County.

    Thank you in advance.

    Josephine

    • The Graduate Farmer June 19, 2015 Reply

      Hi.Please check with your local agrovet.Make sure you ask them for hybrid seeds.

  • susan k njonge June 17, 2015 Reply

    Hey am Susan,i need to but onions for sale please assist

  • Kirui June 17, 2015 Reply

    Hi i want to plant onions n i come 4rm keringet near molo. wat variety can i plant. do u offer training in nbi.

    • The Graduate Farmer October 4, 2015 Reply

      Onions do well in cool weathers when growing and warm weather when maturing. you should get your soil tested before planting onions. Visit your nearest agro store to get recommended seed type. we dont have training in nairobi

  • moses June 19, 2015 Reply

    thanks for the update… does it matter in the market abut the size of the onion….some hybrids becomes too “bulby” and the buyers are reluctant to take them… whats wrong with them?

    • The Graduate Farmer October 4, 2015 Reply

      It depends with where you are selling. Hotels and restaurants like large bulbs while individual consumers like average size.

  • Nelson June 19, 2015 Reply

    Hello, thanks for the information. Is it possible to not use a nursery bed and plant dirrectly. What are the dangers?

    • The Graduate Farmer October 4, 2015 Reply

      Onions need a nusery bed to develop well. You will have a higher chance of having successful growth rate when you use a nursery.

  • MATHEW June 19, 2015 Reply

    Very informative, hope start soon. thanx

  • Sandra June 22, 2015 Reply

    Hi. I have an acre of land in Narok where I would like to farm onions. Jambar F1 type. I would like to come for a visit at your farm if possible kindly let me know if it is possible. I would also like to find out if September to December is a good period for farming?

    • The Graduate Farmer October 4, 2015 Reply

      We will let you know as soon as we launch demos. Yes September-December is good for plannting. You although need to have a good water source and get your soil tested before planting.

  • Maritim Jonathan June 24, 2015 Reply

    Thanks.

  • Maritim Jonathan June 24, 2015 Reply

    Thanks for your help sir.

  • dennis kithinji June 24, 2015 Reply

    i have about 4 tonnes of red onions ready for market i would kindly apreciate your help on the sales and market.

  • dennis kithinji June 24, 2015 Reply

    i have about 4 tonnes of red onions ready for market i would kindly apreciate your help on the sales and market.

  • dennis kithinji June 24, 2015 Reply

    i have about 4 tonnes of red onions ready for market i would kindly apreciate your help on the sales and market.

    • priscilla oduor July 21, 2015 Reply

      Hi dennis did you manage to get market for your onions. if not contact me kindly

  • Lilian June 25, 2015 Reply

    Nice blog,very informative

  • Margery wambeti June 26, 2015 Reply

    Hallo and congrats for the good information.i have a few questions:
    1. Can onions do well in embu?
    2.if so,which type?
    3.how much capital wud i require to plant on a quarter acre?
    4.what are the best months for planting?

    Thx

    • The Graduate Farmer October 4, 2015 Reply

      Onions do well in cool weathers when growing and warm weather when maturing. you should get your soil tested before planting onions. Visit your nearest agro store to get recommended seed type and costings.

  • lydia June 26, 2015 Reply

    good job keep it up

  • Sammy June 28, 2015 Reply

    Thanks for the information and advice to us farmers.
    I have leased 1 acre in karia kirinyaga county and planning to do onions (red coach F1) in July. Kindly advice me whether it’s viable.
    Thanks

  • Simon June 29, 2015 Reply

    I need a goods farm that I can lease and do onion farming? any place in the rift valley or in central region.

  • caroline farber June 30, 2015 Reply

    hi,
    can onions grow in Kilifi?
    thank you.

  • margaret June 30, 2015 Reply

    hi what is the best time to plant onions when its cold, rainy or warm. and how much will it cost to utilize 4 acres. I live abroad and was thinking could come home for a couple of months. pleas help

  • margaret June 30, 2015 Reply

    what are the best months to plant and harvest onions and how much will it cost to utilize 4 acres I live far form home but I am thinking I could come home for a period of 3 months, please help

  • paul July 1, 2015 Reply

    can onions do well in kericho?

  • Langat Frankline July 7, 2015 Reply

    I’m from Bomet county and I want to plant onions and i want to use organic manures in stead of inorganic fertilisers . Could this method works properly? pliz advice.

  • Jackie July 7, 2015 Reply

    hi,

    i am interested in starting onion farming in Kikuyu.What is the recommended seed for that area and in addition,how is the market out there for onion farmers.

    • The Graduate Farmer July 19, 2015 Reply

      You can plant Jambar F1. The market for onions is good for farmers especially during dry seasons.

  • Godwin Spiritty Manyengo July 11, 2015 Reply

    Great site and good work. Am planning to start onion farming in Kajulu area of Kisumu.the soils are clayish.any hope of onions doing well? Are there any methods of improving this kind of soil? Thanks

    • The Graduate Farmer July 19, 2015 Reply

      Hello. Onion does not do well on clay soil.It needs soil that is well-drained, loose, and rich in nitrogen; compact soil affects bulb development. Contact http://www.soilcares.com for advice on this

  • Esther July 13, 2015 Reply

    Hello,

    Can onions do well in Nakuru town, and is September the best time to plant

    • The Graduate Farmer July 19, 2015 Reply

      Yes they do. Do you have water for irrigation? It is recommended that you do. This will enable you to plant anytime of the year.

  • pascaline jepkorir July 15, 2015 Reply

    am in eldy I want to inquire more about onions where can I find you?

  • peter July 16, 2015 Reply

    would love to have a site visit on the farms where you have implemented this.thanks

  • beverly July 18, 2015 Reply

    I would like to start onion farming in Muhoroni, about 70km from Kericho.
    Am not sure if the temperature is right.
    What variety would give best yield in that area?

  • Aturinda Phionah July 23, 2015 Reply

    Hi,

    Writing from Uganda What is the best soil recommended in terms of ph. i have bought my seeds already but worried that the soil aint the best.

    500gms of seeds can be planted on what amount of space

  • emma July 23, 2015 Reply

    Can a visit be planned to learn more about onions??

    • The Graduate Farmer July 25, 2015 Reply

      Hello. We have not yet rolled out our demonstration farm for visits. We will notify you as soon as we do.

  • cyrus nyasimi July 27, 2015 Reply

    is narok and molo agood place for onion farming?

    • The Graduate Farmer October 4, 2015 Reply

      Onions do well in cool weathers when growing and warm weather when maturing. you should get your soil tested before planting onions. Visit your nearest agro store to get recommended seed type.

  • Maina July 28, 2015 Reply

    Good stuff here, i have a farm in taveta i want to do onions, kindly advise.

  • kariuki munene July 28, 2015 Reply

    am in Muranga kahuhia , plus help the best seed , pestiside and fertilizer and when to apply . Red soil.

    • The Graduate Farmer October 4, 2015 Reply

      hey kariuki. you should get your soil tested first then go to your nearest agro store for recommendations.

  • Onyango Kenneth July 30, 2015 Reply

    Could you differentiate between melon and water melon, please? I am aware there is lemon too.

  • Daniel mbugua July 30, 2015 Reply

    Hello,would like to do onions 1 acrea and habaniero chilies half acre in kongoni naivasha,,water and hydroponic on site,,please advice as I have two weeks to commence,,any budget/record twmplate

  • Daniel mbugua July 30, 2015 Reply

    onions and habaniero chillies on open field in kongoni naivasha,,please advice,

  • Daniel k July 31, 2015 Reply

    Hi am daniel from uasin gishu hw much kg of seeds does one acre takes

  • Mitali August 1, 2015 Reply

    Hey
    A partner and i have half an acre land
    We have done the soil & pathogen test
    We can plant the red passion F1 onions
    The water is almost sorted out aswell
    We have got the seeds too
    we dont know which fertilizers to get? when should we start planting? how much the labour would we need approx? could you please help us. thank you

    • The Graduate Farmer October 4, 2015 Reply

      Thats great. To get started with costings you should visit your nearest agro store and write down the budget for prices vary depending on seed or fertilizer being purchased.

  • Mitali August 2, 2015 Reply

    Hey
    A partner and i have half an acre land
    we have done the soil and pathogen test
    we would like to plant the red passion f1 seeds
    we have bought the seeds
    the water is almost sorted out too
    could you please advice us on the fertilizers to buy, when to start planting and how much labour shall we need approx
    thank you

  • AMOS OMOLO August 2, 2015 Reply

    Please confirm if type of soil affect the production of the onion.I have black cotton soil land where i want to start the project

  • AMOS OMOLO August 2, 2015 Reply

    can onions do well in black cotton soil

  • Roy August 2, 2015 Reply

    Hi. Please notify when you start offering demonstrations and technical support.

  • Mitali August 4, 2015 Reply

    Hey
    A friend and i have half an acre of land to grow red passion f1 onions.
    I would like to know which fertilisers to use for the nursery.
    thank you.

  • Frankline 'Shikanda August 6, 2015 Reply

    I would like to know how many kgs are idle to cover one acre?

  • simon August 7, 2015 Reply

    Bulb onions for sale, Naivasha. Ready in a month 0727448528/0786744181.

  • Dhanraj singh baghel August 8, 2015 Reply

    ………….

  • Henry August 13, 2015 Reply

    hi how much does it cost to grow inions on 1acre.

    • The Graduate Farmer September 8, 2015 Reply

      A lot of factors are included before you plant.
      1.Water
      2.Piping System
      3.Seeds
      4.Fertilizer
      5.Labour

      Kindly check with your local agricultural extension officer (County) for more advice.

  • Billdad baiye August 14, 2015 Reply

    Best type to grow in Nyahururu ….where can I get ready seedlings

  • Chris August 14, 2015 Reply

    Hello graduate farmer

    You are doing such a wonderful job. You’ve just worn me over as one of your fans

    Thumbs up.
    Chris

  • Busolo P.C August 21, 2015 Reply

    I want to start a nursery by August 31 and in our area rains go upto early dec followed by a dry spell upto late feb. Am I late?

  • Jacqueline August 22, 2015 Reply

    Can onions do well on cotton soil, I have 7 acres in juja idle for the moment and I would really appreciate your advice on onion growing.

  • Ally Sadiki August 25, 2015 Reply

    Am Ally from Tanzania am crazy about onion farming am gonna make it here

  • ndolo August 26, 2015 Reply

    hello, thanks for the information above but as an horticulturist and agronomist in profession have some questions for you.
    1. how is the spacing/ planting density affect the yield of onions since it lacks there above?
    2. you have dealt mostly with the opportunity, but what are some of the challenges like diseases, pests etc which affect onions?
    3. different localities have different climatic conditions and as i know these F1 varieties dont suit in each environment, so which can you provide the complete information showing the best variety at each location?

  • charity ombati August 26, 2015 Reply

    good work

  • Anthony Muriithi Wahome August 27, 2015 Reply

    Hi, I really appreciate the site & the good advice you are offering to new farmers. I want to start onion farming and av never been in farming.
    My quiz is (1) how many types of onions can one plant (2) does onions need fertilizer?

    Regards
    apple G

  • kellen wairimu kamau September 1, 2015 Reply

    hello,
    just seen your blog as i was researching about onion farming in Kenya.i have been thinking about doing farming.i have two acres of land in Ol-kalau in Nyadarua district.what kind of onions would you recommend in this climate and where do i get them?

    Thank you.
    Kellen wairimu Kamau.

    • The Graduate Farmer September 8, 2015 Reply

      Onions do best if the temperature is cool when they start to grow, and warm as they mature. Go to your nearest agricultural store for advice on what variety to plant.You should also get your soil tested with http://www.soilcares.com

  • Faith September 1, 2015 Reply

    Hello,
    Good work you are doing i want to grow onions in kitui which is the best time and best variety.
    Regards
    Faith

    • The Graduate Farmer September 8, 2015 Reply

      Onions do best if the temperature is cool when they start to grow, and warm as they mature. Go to your nearest agricultural store for advice on what variety to plant.You should also get your soil tested with http://www.soilcares.com

  • Francis September 10, 2015 Reply

    how many kgs are ideal to cover one acre?

  • johnson ngichu September 13, 2015 Reply

    hi am johnson from molo in nakuru county. would like to know best type to plant n around which swason to fetch maximum returns.

  • isaac wathigo September 15, 2015 Reply

    Hi, am from molo. I have seen your blog and am much interested in onion farming. At my place when is the right time to plant them and which seed will I use. Molo is a cold place. Please help

  • isaac wathigo September 15, 2015 Reply

    Hi, am from Molo and like to plant onions. Which seed is suitable at my place and what time should I plant because of climate changes at my place? Please help

  • Michael Osewe Nyabala September 26, 2015 Reply

    hi,thanks for good job. am anew small scale onion farmer,from homabay,I’ve sown 50g jambarf1.what size of land can it cover and what is the right spacing for onions at transplanting? help please

    • naftali rutto October 26, 2015 Reply

      where do we get the market for onions in kenya especially large markets?

  • bernard chemjor September 26, 2015 Reply

    interested in;-
    -fruits;- mangoes, pawpaw, passion, tamarilo,
    -vegetables;- onions, hoho, tomatoes,
    -dairy & fish farming

  • liz September 28, 2015 Reply

    Want to plant onions in Uganda which type pliz?

  • sylvia October 1, 2015 Reply

    I want to practice onion farming in Naivasha. Is it a suitable place? What effect does the fast approaching el nino have on farming? What are the best months for onion farming in Kenya? Please advise.

    • The Graduate Farmer October 4, 2015 Reply

      Onions do well when they are planted during rainy seasons and harvested during dry seasons.

  • The Graduate Farmer October 4, 2015 Reply

    thank you lydia

  • mark mulamba October 4, 2015 Reply

    would like to start agribusiness in tomato farming.kindly advice how to plant. am in Busia county

    • The Graduate Farmer October 9, 2015 Reply

      Hey mark. We will post planting guides soon. Watch this space. Also get your soil tested first before planting anything.

  • Raji October 7, 2015 Reply

    Am from Nigeria Can i palnt Onions in NIgeria land too?

  • Rose October 11, 2015 Reply

    I bounced on this site and found it just what I needed. I am preparing my piece of land right now in kithimani. I do have water through out the year. I want to try onions and tomatoes. I have already tested the soil. My concern is the el-el-nino warnings… should I start now or wait a bit. Which are the best months to plant onions for irrigation. Thank you..

  • Alice October 14, 2015 Reply

    I would like to start onion farming soon please advise me on what is necessary

    • The Graduate Farmer October 18, 2015 Reply

      Hi Alice. You need to get your soil tested first before planting. This will increase your chances of success

  • Tillen Teddy October 15, 2015 Reply

    Hello The Graduate Farmer, I hop this finds you well.. am a business student so passionate about agribusiness though.. I’ve gone through all the posts here in and your firm advice is SOIL TESTING; what is the relative ph for onion farming??

    Ted, -Homa bay, Kenya.

  • Jacqueline Munyao October 20, 2015 Reply

    Kindly give details of Jambar F1 as that is the kind of onion I would like to grow on my 1.5acres piece of land in Oldonyo Sabuk.

    Once you get to assist farmers in selling their produce, please advise as well.

    Thanks,

    Jacquie.

  • grace nyambura October 21, 2015 Reply

    hey graduate farmer ,i am interested in cultivating red onions on my farm at isinya please advice me on the best variety and the best time to plant.i am waiting for your prompt responce.thank u.

    • The Graduate Farmer October 22, 2015 Reply

      Hey Grace.Have you tested your soil yet?Have it tested with soilcares.com first then we will know what variety is best suited for your area.

  • Felix Seje October 27, 2015 Reply

    hi good job
    kindly i would like to do onion farming,am in Rongo, Migori county pls which type is the best?
    kindly can i get visuals or detail of a possible site visit
    my mail :felix.seje@yahoo.com/0724344760
    kindly pls

  • Ngamau Isaac October 28, 2015 Reply

    Hi, I planted an onion nursery, Red Passion F1, about 2 months ago. Thing is most of the seeds didn’t sprout while a few did very well. I pretty much followed all the advice given by my agrovet. I would like to know what to do so that I have improved yeilds next time round. Thanks.

    • The Graduate Farmer October 30, 2015 Reply

      -The reason could be improper soil temperature and moisture or a combination of the two, are the majority of the reasons that seeds don’t germinate in a timely manner.Planting too early, too deep, watering too much or too little are common mistakes made.

      -Other factors include soil preparation,  did you get your soil tested?
      The seeds could have been leftovers from several years ago, forgotten in a box or cupboard or stored in extreme temperatures that have destroyed the seed germination potential.
      or
      -Seedbed mismanagement

  • chandan November 10, 2015 Reply

    onion can grow in black soil?

  • deogratias N. Makilika November 18, 2015 Reply

    Hi Madam!
    Im very exicited with ur experience on red onions, im a Tanzanian with 50 acres land and im planning
    to use part of it to practise a very serious onions farming, what at the issues to be looked after so that
    i can minimize the risks of loses?

    much regards!
    deo

  • Geofrey November 19, 2015 Reply

    Am a large scale onion farmer from embu county i have 20 tonnes ready mature onion please any good market there

  • Shera November 20, 2015 Reply

    Hi,

    i would love to invest in agriculture especially in growing onions.
    kindly subscribe me to the group.
    Thanks you

  • Shera November 20, 2015 Reply

    Hi,

    good forum you created thanks for giving us the opportunity.
    Kindly subscribe me to your group…

  • linus December 1, 2015 Reply

    Hae i am pleased with your information and inspirations. i wish to start onion farming in karatina. Which is the best onion type/variety please.
    Thanks

  • Victor December 5, 2015 Reply

    How much is 1kg and the cost of soil sampling and testing

  • david December 8, 2015 Reply

    Thanks, from nigeria. am interested in starting onions/tomatoes next year and your site was informative… will save and make reference to same

  • carolyne Datche December 14, 2015 Reply

    Good work you are doing here, any info on sweet potatoe farming and market in kenya?

  • Rwamba Karanja December 18, 2015 Reply

    Hi,

    I have a 10 acre piece of land in Isinya that I intend to start farming sometimes next year. I have been following your blog for quite some time and I am settling on doing onions and water melons after I do soil tests as per your advise. My question is; do you know of any organizations or banks that I can apply for a soft loan.

    I also wish to subscribe to this site so that I can be sure to receive all conversations.

    Thank you

    Rwamba.

    • The Graduate Farmer January 3, 2016 Reply

      HI Rwamba. Thank you for your kind words. We are happy to hear that you are on your to become a productive farmer. We have a link on our website here https://graduatefarmer.co.ke/get-funding/ that can help you in getting funding. We wish you all the best in your endevours.

    • Samson July 26, 2016 Reply

      Hi Rwamba, I hope this finds you sooner.
      kindly contact me on 0722115626, there’s a business I would like to talk with you.

  • Cyrus Karachia December 23, 2015 Reply

    for Nyahururu which type onion thrives best.being a new farmer on soil testing wea do I start or whom do I go to

    • The Graduate Farmer January 3, 2016 Reply

      You should get your soil tested first though before planting so that you know the best variety for you. Go to soilcares.com

  • Alex December 25, 2015 Reply

    I’m very pleased with this blog Graduate Farmer. Now, I intend to farm onions around Naromoru area. Question is, all factors held constant what’s the average yield of 500g Red Pinoy F1. Thanks and looking forward for further engagement.

  • Paul Muturi Kariuki December 27, 2015 Reply

    Can I grow onions in Gatundu South.

    • The Graduate Farmer January 3, 2016 Reply

      Yes but need to get your soil tested first though before planting so that you know the best variety for you.

  • Roba December 29, 2015 Reply

    Hi Graduate farmer,congs for this best job and site.kindly give me a detail abt the best type of onion to do with black cotton soil,size of seedling per acre and where i can get them a seedling ready for planting within meru region please .

    With Thanks.

    Roba

    • The Graduate Farmer January 3, 2016 Reply

      You should get your soil tested first though before planting so that you know the best variety for you.

  • joseph December 30, 2015 Reply

    i want hybrid seeds,onion jambar seminis.please advise on the prices,250g

  • moses January 19, 2016 Reply

    hi? Moses from Molo. is Molo an ideal place to grow onions? also can do onion farming in Naivasha? kindly advice.

  • Bob January 20, 2016 Reply

    How many people does it take to manage a one acre onion farm?

  • Bob January 20, 2016 Reply

    How many people does it take to manage a one-acre onion farm?

  • Elizabeth Wambui January 21, 2016 Reply

    Am in Mombasa and would like to know if the climate is suitable for growing onions and if yes which type of onion to grow?

    • The Graduate Farmer February 2, 2016 Reply

      yes.you have to test your soil first so that you know which variety is best for you

  • Delick mecha March 8, 2016 Reply

    Hi, which variety should I use in Kamulu around ruai. I have water for irrigation.
    Thank you for sharing such important info.

  • Jack March 8, 2016 Reply

    Congrats for such an informative blog. I saw in an earlier post that it would cost approximately Ksh. 150,000/- per acre to grow onions. Are you able to give a break down of this cost?

  • Red Onions from Kenya March 11, 2016 Reply

    Amazing piece of article. Very Informative

  • Meshack March 24, 2016 Reply

    Hi! Would like to grow Onion in Kitui. The temps are normally between 22 and 28°c most of the time. Which is the best variet. 2. If I plant 1 Kg, what is the expected yield?

  • John Fundi May 5, 2016 Reply

    Am so greatful for such informative piece of advice…..am currently doing an acre of onions in Kieni, Nyeri.

  • MARIE GORRETTIE May 6, 2016 Reply

    I would like to do onion and tomato farming in Angola would love advice from you. you are doing good work.

  • Johnson May 11, 2016 Reply

    Hi, This is very informative. Please advise which would do well in Kandara area, Where to go and get a growing guide if one has no access to the internet. Please also assist with a breakdown for an acre. Thank a mil.

  • Muia Vala June 10, 2016 Reply

    I would like to visit your farm to learn more about onion farming, kindly contact me at muiavala@gmail.com.

  • Donald July 13, 2016 Reply

    Informative article. Kindly share the breakdown cost (Ksh. 150,000) for onion farming on an acre of land.

  • Samson July 26, 2016 Reply

    Very very informative. I like it

  • Elizabeth August 22, 2016 Reply

    Hi, I would like to grow bulb onions specifically in kitale. Which is the best season to plant as in seedbed and what variety is the best there. Thank you in advance.

  • George Ambwenje September 6, 2016 Reply

    Hi i’ld like to start onion farming in lugare please advice

  • Geraldine Charles September 24, 2016 Reply

    Hello.
    I admire your insights.
    I have tested the soil where i want to grow onions and the desirable onions are red passion. The area is humid. Kindly give me the steps on how to start from seed bed preparation stage on wards.
    Thank you.

  • Winnie Wahome October 11, 2016 Reply

    Hi i want to start onion farming in Narumoro near solio ranch advise if the location is favorable and the best seed to plant as a start up.

    • Alex October 11, 2016 Reply

      Hey, Red pinoy does quite well in Naromoru area.

      • Winnie Wahome October 12, 2016 Reply

        Thanks Alex, do you have farmers on that side i can visit?

        • Alex October 12, 2016 Reply

          Unfortunately no. Though you can take a tour on the Ngaring’iro road, heading to muiogo. There is serious farming going on there.

          • Winnie Wahome October 13, 2016

            i will make a point of passing there, i will have to make this work. Thanks Alex

          • Alex October 13, 2016

            You’re most welcome Winnie

  • Doyle Ogutu October 25, 2016 Reply

    Can you please help me sell me produce. I have onions tomatoes, herbs and strawberries

  • Boaz Bulali Ndakwe October 27, 2016 Reply

    A very educative web site

  • Joe October 29, 2016 Reply

    Great info. Any recommendations on which variety to grow in Kitui?

  • Joe October 29, 2016 Reply

    Great info. Any recommendations on which variety to grow in Kitui?

  • Mugo December 8, 2016 Reply

    Great Info.Please keep me in your posts

  • Paul Mwangi Kariuki December 17, 2016 Reply

    I am Paul Mwangi Kariuki in Eldoret. May I inquire if onion farming is feasible within Eldoret, just before the University of Eldoret main campus. I want to engage in onion farming.

  • Jane December 31, 2016 Reply

    Hi Graduate ,
    I am planning to try green house farming , starting with the 8m by 15m one . I am debating between onions and tomatoes. Which one yields a better profit?

  • Thompson K. Molumba January 4, 2017 Reply

    Hello Sir, I am over impressed for this lucrative info. you have provided on this platform! I in Liberia a Country with vast farm land and idea climate and seasons for farming and yet we don’t farm but with this info. I can start a farm on onion by following this above mentioned tips.
    Thanks..

  • Faith M Muema January 17, 2017 Reply

    hi,i am so happy to learn,thanks for the wonderful work you are doing.

  • Suzie February 9, 2017 Reply

    Hi please advise me how to grow Onion in Nakuru and how to get the seeds,,and good season.plus marketing

  • ALLOYS MENZA April 27, 2017 Reply

    Water melon or Onions which ones do better in Kilifi county

  • Terry Naila June 26, 2018 Reply

    Hi I just seen this site am happy for the inside.
    I intend to do onion farming kajiado Namanga.
    Please advise on best season.

    • Graduate Farmer June 28, 2018 Reply

      Onions fetch good market prices towards october when imports come from Tanzania. There is usually a shortage in Kenya during this time.

    • Graduate Farmer May 11, 2020 Reply

      July-August

  • esther kirigha August 16, 2018 Reply

    Do you offer step by step guidance on onion production?For instance at nursery stage what is needed and how do i ensure maximum yields..like pesticides and best fertilizers to use?

  • john November 15, 2018 Reply

    hi i want start potatoes farming in nyandarua kipiripiri area so when is the best time to plant and where can i get the certified seeds of shangi

  • Emmy Wachiangah February 13, 2020 Reply

    I am in bungoma myanga area and interested in groowing onions, cabbage and capsicum. which variety is the best. first time farmer

  • Kenas June 23, 2020 Reply

    Hello. Can onions do well in Bomet, the tea growing areas?

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